According to Kazakhstan’s Capital Network report on June 8, the United Nations Development Programme stated that the renewable energy market in Kazakhstan is accelerating. In the past three years, Harbin’s renewable energy generation has doubled, from 1.1 billion degrees in 2017 to 2.4 billion degrees in 2019, and plans to reach 3.15 billion degrees in 2020. At the same time, renewable energy power generation still accounts for a small proportion of total power generation, about 2.3% in 2019. The Kazakh government proposed in the “Green Economy Transformation Vision” that the proportion of renewable energy power generation will be increased to 3% by 2020.
According to Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Energy data, in the first quarter of 2020, renewable energy power generation was 548.4 million kWh, a year-on-year increase of 58%, accounting for 1.8% of the country’s total power generation. At present, there are 37 solar power plants (3.290, -0.02, -0.60%), 37 hydropower plants, 22 wind power plants, and 5 biomass power plants in Kazakhstan. In 2019, the total installed capacity of renewable energy projects will reach 1050 MW, which is expected to increase to 1655 MW by the end of 2020. In the first quarter of 2020, wind power accounted for 45% of renewable energy generation, followed by solar power (35.7%) and small hydropower (19%).
The United States Agency for International Development believes that Kazakhstan has great potential for the development of wind power and solar energy. The average wind speed at a height of 30 meters in half of its territory reaches 4-5 meters/second, and the annual sunshine time is up to 2200-3000 hours. According to the United Nations Development Program, Kazakhstan can develop almost all renewable energy technologies. In addition to wind power, solar power, and hydropower, biogas power generation, biomass power generation, and geothermal power generation should also be actively used. Compared with other renewable energy sources, the development of wind power and solar energy has lower cost, wider distribution and greater potential. The development potential of Kazakhstan’s wind power can reach 920 billion degrees, which is an order of magnitude higher than the current domestic total power generation and electricity consumption. In 2019, Kazakhstan’s total domestic power generation is 106 billion kWh and electricity consumption is 105.1 billion kWh. (Business Section of the Embassy in Kazakhstan)